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Social housing and urbanization in São Paulo industrialization: the residential complex of Nove de Julho

Grant number: 14/07046-9
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): October 01, 2014
Effective date (End): August 31, 2015
Field of knowledge:Applied Social Sciences - Architecture and Town Planning
Principal researcher:Luiz Antonio Recaman Barros
Grantee:Luiza Pires Fujiara Guerino
Home Institution: Faculdade de Arquitetura e Urbanismo (FAU). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The magnitude of the urban problems of the city of São Paulo comes to a stage unprecedented, as both historical economic as urban policies problems seem to have mitigated, revealing the difficulties in the realm of ideas and solutions for the city. In relation to social housing, these stalemates are more evident as the massive public investments have not represented a qualitative change in different scales of the metropolis. Despite some important examples of housing solutions in "paulista" architecture indicating a more comprehensive proposal for urban space, there are no systematic studies that focus on this approach. The objective of this research is to identify the spatial patterns (understood as the relationship between architecture and city) in the Nove de Julho Housing Development project, built in São Paulo, during 1940 decade until the beginning of 1950's by IAPB. In this sense, this research proposes: a) spatial analysis of the typologies; b) the relationship of these typologies with the existing city; c) the transformation of these spaces of habitat in the development of the city; d) the reception and incorporation of these alternatives to discipline and e) the consolidation of the documents of these projects for future research. This project is part of a wider research, coordinated by the teachers Luiz Recamán and Leandro Medrano (FAUUSP), dedicated to the study of all housing projects built in metropolitan area of São Paulo between 1930 and 1964.

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