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Two-stage anaerobic treatment: investigation of the impacts on the bioenergy production, sludge properties and its applicability for wastewater treatment

Grant number: 14/22475-3
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): March 01, 2015
Effective date (End): August 31, 2018
Field of knowledge:Engineering - Sanitary Engineering - Water Supply and Wastewater Treatment
Principal Investigator:Marcelo Zaiat
Grantee:Vera Tainá Franco Vidal Mota
Home Institution: Escola de Engenharia de São Carlos (EESC). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Carlos , SP, Brazil
Associated scholarship(s):17/05819-9 - Two-stage anaerobic treatment: investigation of the factors affecting bioenergy production, sludge properties and its feasibility for wastewater treatment, BE.EP.DR

Abstract

Anaerobic digestion is a technology with large application for the treatment of domestic sewage and industrial wastewater. However, under stressing conditions, such as shock loading and toxic materials input, disequilibrium can occur due to kinetic and thermodynamic limitations, especially of methanogens. Through the provision of more favorable conditions for each group of microorganism, two-stage anaerobic reactors (acidogenic-methanogenic) provides a greater control and stability to the process. In addition, other potential advantages include the possibility of increasing bioenergy production through the recovery of hydrogen from acidogenic reactors, and also the reduction of viscosity and suspended biomass in methanogenic reactors, which may implies in achievement of higher fluxes when they are coupled to membranes (AnMBR). In the present thesis, four acidogenic reactor designs - granular UASB, flocculent UASB, conventional fixed-bed reactor and completed mixed fixed-bed reactor - will be evaluated regarding the acidification degree, hydrogen production and reduction of hydraulic retention time. After choosing the better configuration amongst those studied, the acidogenic reactor will be followed by a fixed-bed methanogenic reactor. A single-stage fixed-bed reactor will be operated in parallel. The performance of the single- and two-stage anaerobic reactors under increasing organic loads will be compared, especially regarding the potential for bioenergy production (hydrogen and methane). Finally, experiments with single- and two-stage anaerobic membrane bioreactors will be performed in order to indicate the changes in sludge properties due to effluent acidification in a previous step and their impact on membrane filtration performance.

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
MOTA, V. T.; ZAIAT, M. Two- vs. single-stage anaerobic reactors: evaluation of effluent quality and energy production potential using sucrose-based wastewater. WATER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, v. 78, n. 9, SI, p. 1966-1979, DEC 2018. Web of Science Citations: 0.
MOTA, V. T.; FERRAZ JUNIOR, A. D. N.; TRABLY, E.; ZAIAT, M. Biohydrogen production at pH below 3.0: Is it possible?. WATER RESEARCH, v. 128, p. 350-361, JAN 1 2018. Web of Science Citations: 8.
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
MOTA, Vera Tainá Franco Vidal. Hydrogen production in extreme acid conditions and evaluation of performance and energy recovery potential in two-stage treatment systems (acidogenic methanogenic). 2018. Doctoral Thesis - Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Escola de Engenharia de São Carlos São Carlos.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.