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Portugal and the Brazilian exile (1974-1979)

Grant number: 15/00647-0
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): April 01, 2015
Effective date (End): July 31, 2015
Field of knowledge:Humanities - History - History of Brazil
Principal researcher:Francisco Carlos Palomanes Martinho
Grantee:Rodrigo Pezzonia
Supervisor abroad: António Costa Pinto
Home Institution: Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas (FFLCH). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Research place: Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal  
Associated to the scholarship:13/06638-7 - Exile and return: the Brazilian transition between Europe and Brazil (1974-1988), BP.DR

Abstract

The aim of this research project is to enhance the comprehension of the Brazilian exile, from the perspective of the Brazilians who got asylum in Portugal after the revolution of April 25th, 1974. It is well known that during this period, part of the Brazilian "lefts" had already started a process of self-criticism, especially after the defeats and the amount of lives that were lost in the revolutionary attempts so far, whether in Brazil or in Chile. However, we understand that after the Cravos Revolution, the environment the Brazilians found might have been decisive for the last resolutions on exile, particularly in what concerns the assertion or change in their positions. The assertion means to sustain the revolutionary model, and the change in their position means to fight through democratic paths, which means to support the Amnesty. In fact, the concept of Amnesty itself (or what should have been its coverage), was seriously debated on the second half of the 70's. Moreover, at that time, Portugal was starting a process of partisan restructuring, which would reflect into a similar process in Brazil later on that decade, and through the 80's. From that, the debates on the return of a multiparty system spurred the revival of the Partido Trabalhista Brasileiro (renamed as Partido Democrático Trabalhista), but also helped on the decision of partisan accommodation of those who would soon return to Brazil. In this perspective, our proposal to conduct a period of research in Portugal aims to deepen our knowledge and analysis on the Brazilian exile in Portugal, focusing on their paths, breaks, stays and in the possible political influence that the Portuguese exile might have brought to Brazil. (AU)