This research proposes an approach to French constitutional review, whose main actor is the Constitutional Council, created by the Constitution of the Fifth Republic, in 1958. Through the reading and analysis of the work of classical and contemporary French authors and of selected cases, we intend to challenge a common sense in the field of comparative law. Brazilian authors in general classify the constitutional review performed by the Constitutional Council as political review. As we will see, authors such as Louis Favoreu vehemently criticized this conception, widespread in the 1960s - which shows the inexactness of the mentioned comparative common sense on this subject. Furthermore, a recent reform definitely introduced the repressive review; another common sense thus became outdated: that according to which French constitutional review is essentially preventive. As we highlight the judicial nature of the activity of the Constitutional Council, another question appears, which will also be addressed in this research: considering the taxonomy of comparative law, are there still substantial differences between the Constitutional Council and other European Constitutional Courts?
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