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The model of the United States oil industry in Brazil: the case of the North American geologist Walter link (1902 - 1982)

Grant number: 15/03244-3
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Post-doctor
Effective date (Start): August 01, 2015
Effective date (End): July 31, 2016
Field of knowledge:Humanities - History - History of Science
Principal researcher:Silvia Fernanda de Mendonça Figueirôa
Grantee:Drielli Peyerl
Supervisor abroad: Brian Frehner
Home Institution: Instituto de Geociências (IG). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil
Research place: Oklahoma State University, United States  
Associated to the scholarship:14/06843-2 - A North American at the Petrobras: the trajectory of the geologist Walter Link (1902 - 1982) at the Exploratory Department - DEPEX/Petrobras (1954 - 1960) and his influence in the technical and exploratory process of oil in Brazil, BP.PD

Abstract

Since 1897, the official presence of private initiatives by foreign companies, especially North American companies, changed the scenario of petroleum research in Brazil. Both foreign companies and workers, as well as federal organs, contributed to the study of the local geology, and to the evaluation of several potential petroliferous basins in the Brazilian territory. However, there were some difficulties regarding the purchase of materials, the high import costs, mainly from the United States, and the lack of Brazilian professionals in the area making it necessary to hire foreign professionals. As from 1920, federal organs such as the Serviço Geológico e Mineralógico do Brasil (1907), the Conselho Nacional do Petróleo (1938), and Petrobras (1953), gradually took the lead of petroleum research in Brazil. These organs had its own technical staff, mainly formed by North American professionals, who contributed to the creation and development of the know-how of the Brazilian oil industry. Thus, this project aims to analyze the development of the oil industry and its techniques in Brazil, and how this process was associated with the United States. This study will focus on the case of the North American geologist Walter Link (1902 - 1982), who organized the Department of Exploration of Petrobras based on the American industry model, and transformed the DEPEX/Petrobras on the largest Department of Exploration among global oil industries during the 1950s. (AU)

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
PEYERL, DRIELLI; DE MENDONCA FIGUEIROA, SILVIA FERNANDA. Applied geophysics in Brazil and the development of a national oil industry (1930-1960). HISTORY AND TECHNOLOGY, v. 36, n. 1 MAY 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.
PEYERL, DRIELLI; DE MENDONCA FIGUEIROA, SILVIA FERNANDA; BOSETTI, ELVIO PINTO. THE NORTH AMERICAN GEOLOGIST WALTER KARL LINK AND OIL EXPLORATORY RESEARCH AT PETROBRAS (1954-1960). EARTH SCIENCES HISTORY, v. 35, n. 2, p. 387-398, 2016. Web of Science Citations: 0.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.