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Similarities and differences of meal quality between Brazil and United Kingdom

Grant number: 14/19355-6
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): July 01, 2015
Effective date (End): July 31, 2016
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Nutrition - Nutritional Analysis of Population
Cooperation agreement: Coordination of Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES)
Principal researcher:Dirce Maria Lobo Marchioni
Grantee:Bartira Mendes Gorgulho
Home Institution: Faculdade de Saúde Pública (FSP). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil


Introduction: the World Health Organization (WHO) considers diet to be one of the major modifiable risk factors for chronic diseases, which stresses the importance of understanding eating habits and its determinants. However, few studies have explored the characteristics of each meal in representative samples of population surveys, as well as the direct effect of meal quality on the overall quality of dietary intake. Therefore, considering they are in different stages of the nutrition transition and economic development, the purpose of this study is to investigate and compare the nutritional quality of meals consumed in Brazil and United Kingdom (UK). Objective: to characterize and compare the nutritional quality of meals consumed by adults living in Brazil and UK. Subjects and methods: data will be extracted from the National Diet and Nutrition Survey (NDNS). The NDNS is a cross-sectional nationally representative survey in the UK that aims to gather population-representative data on food consumption, nutrient intakes and nutritional status. For this study, data from individuals aged 19 years and above who provided complete productive interviews will be included, a total of 2000 adults. To different approaches for the identification and evaluation of the lunch meal pattern will be used: (1) hypothesis-driven approach, with a new meal quality index; and (2) hybrid approach, to evaluate of the meal patters using data reduction techniques. The nutritional quality and meal pattern of lunch in UK will be compared with de Brazilian nutritional quality and meal pattern. (AU)

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Scientific publications (6)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
GORGULHO, BARTIRA; POT, GERDA KAROLIEN; SARTI, FLAVIA MORI; FISBERG, REGINA MARA; MARCHIONI, DIRCE MARIA. Measuring the quality of main meals: Validation of a meal quality index. REVISTA DE NUTRICAO-BRAZILIAN JOURNAL OF NUTRITION, v. 31, n. 6, p. 567-575, NOV-DEC 2018. Web of Science Citations: 0.
GORGULHO, BARTIRA MENDES; SANTOS, ROBERTA DE OLIVEIRA; TEIXEIRA, JULIANA A.; BALTAR, VALERIA T.; MARCHIONI, DIRCE MARIA. Lunch quality and sociodemographic conditions between Brazilian regions. Cadernos de Saúde Pública, v. 34, n. 5 2018. Web of Science Citations: 1.
FERREIRA CARIOCA, ANTONIO AUGUSTO; GORGULHO, BARTIRA; TEIXEIRA, JULIANA ARAUJO; FISBERG, REGINA MARA; MARCHIONI, DIRCE MARIA. Dietary patterns in internal migrants in a continental country: A population-based study. PLoS One, v. 12, n. 10 OCT 16 2017. Web of Science Citations: 1.
GORGULHO, B. M.; POT, G. K.; MARCHIONI, D. M. Evaluation of the psychometric properties of the main meal quality index when applied in the UK population. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, v. 71, n. 5, p. 674-676, MAY 2017. Web of Science Citations: 1.
GORGULHO, BARTIRA MENDES; POT, GERDA KAROLIEN; SARTI, FLAVIA MOD; MARCHIONI, DIRCE MARIA. Main meal quality in Brazil and United Kingdom: Similarities and differences. APPETITE, v. 111, p. 151-157, APR 1 2017. Web of Science Citations: 3.
GORGULHO, B. M.; POT, G. K.; SARTI, F. M.; MARCHIONI, D. M. Indices for the assessment of nutritional quality of meals: a systematic review. BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION, v. 115, n. 11, p. 2017-2024, JUN 14 2016. Web of Science Citations: 7.
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
GORGULHO, Bartira Mendes. Similarities and differences of meal quality between Brazil and United Kingdom: what lessons can we learn?. 2016. Doctoral Thesis - Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Saúde Pública São Paulo.

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