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Potential antioxidant and chemical composition of peanut cultivars adapted to semiarid environments

Grant number: 15/02986-6
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): June 01, 2015
Effective date (End): August 31, 2017
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Food Science and Technology - Food Science
Cooperation agreement: Coordination of Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES)
Principal researcher:Severino Matias de Alencar
Grantee:Fernanda Francetto Juliano
Home Institution: Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz (ESALQ). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Piracicaba , SP, Brazil
Associated scholarship(s):16/16193-0 - A comprehensive characterization of polyphenols from new peanuts adapted to drought by high resolution mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS), BE.EP.MS


The peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is a grain much appreciated worldwide and has high economic importance. It is grown in more than hundred countries and is the fourth most produced oilseed in the world. It stands out because it contains fatty acids and essential amino acids, good relationship between unsaturated and saturated oil, vitamins and bioactive compounds. It is also a source of phenolic compounds such as stilbenes, flavonoids, phenolic acids and also tocopherols, both known to have antioxidant activity. This feature makes the peanut an important food to be included in the diet to prevent chronic diseases, which, in most cases, are correlated to oxidative stress. In Brazil, to meet the demand of farmers located in the Zona da Mata, Agreste and Northeastern Sertão, most populated arid area in the world, the Embrapa established a peanut breeding program, in order to focus on the development of early cultivars, productive and adapted to semi-arid. Thus, the objective of this study is to investigate the chemical composition of peanuts cultivars improved by Embrapa, to associate the water stress tolerance with the antioxidant activity. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
JULIANO, FERNANDA F.; ALVARENGA, JOSE FERNANDO R.; LAMUELA-RAVENTOS, ROSA MARIA; MASSARIOLI, ADNA P.; LIMA, LIZIANE M.; SANTOS, ROSEANE C.; ALENCAR, SEVERINO M.. Polyphenol analysis using high-resolution mass spectrometry allows differentiation of drought tolerant peanut genotypes. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, v. 100, n. 2, . (15/02986-6, 16/16193-0, 16/06514-4)
JULIANO, FERNANDA FRANCETTO; MASSARIOLI, ADNA PRADO; LAMUELA-RAVENTOS, ROSA MARIA; DE ALVARENGA, JOSE FERNANDO RINALDI; DE LIMA, LIZIANE MARIA; DOS SANTOS, ROSEANE CAVALCANTI; DA SILVA, CAMILA FURTUNATO; DE ALENCAR, SEVERINO MATIAS. Do drought-adapted peanut genotypes have different bioactive compounds and ROS-scavenging activity?. EUROPEAN FOOD RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY, v. 247, n. 6, . (15/02986-6, 16/16193-0, 19/11324-8, 16/06514-4, 13/07914-8)
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
JULIANO, Fernanda Francetto. Potential antioxidant and chemical composition of peanut genotypes adapted to semiarid environment. 2017. Master's Dissertation - Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz (ESALA/BC) Piracicaba.

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