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Adaptation and low level food production: biarchaelogical evidences from brazilian prehistoric coastal populations

Grant number: 15/05391-3
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
Effective date (Start): September 01, 2015
Effective date (End): August 31, 2017
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Archeology
Principal Investigator:Regina Célia Mingroni Netto
Grantee:Luis Nicanor Pezo Lanfranco
Home Institution: Instituto de Biociências (IB). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

According whith the available archaeological evidence, the civiliization centers around the world have their antecedents in coastal populations with impressive signals of monumentality as an expression of territoriality and sedentary lifestyle. Despite the different trajectories, the evidence suggests that these societies were initially based on a predominantly marine subsistence, becoming agriculturalists of some species relatively earlier. But, while in some regions this change was accompanied by the development of complex socio-political systems that led to states and empires, in other regions the process was apparently stalled through time. This seems to be the case of the Sambaquis of southeastern Brazil. Sambaquis are the only and highest evidence of monumental structures in the Atlantic basin, they were built by archaic coastal populations that developed sedentary lifestyle and elaborate funerary rituals, maintaining stable economic and socio-political systems (probably chiefdoms), for almost 7000 years. Through the reconstruction of the diet with bioantropologic markers (oral pathology, stable isotopes and nutritional stress markers) and other archaeological evidence, this study approach several prehistoric populations of coastal ecosystems from southeastern Brazil in a comparative and diachronic manner. The aim is discover which environmental and economic factors conditioned the relative stability of production systems and lifestyle of these populations over the time.

Articles published in Agência FAPESP about the scholarship:
Sambaqui societies had sophisticated diet 

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
CARVALHO, MARIA RITA G.; PEZO-LANFRANCO, LUIS; EGGERS, SABINE. `One tooth one child': evaluating the effects of diet and fertility on the oral health of women from archaeological sites in South America. European Journal of Oral Sciences, v. 127, n. 1, p. 52-64, FEB 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.
PEZO-LANFRANCO, LUIS; DEBLASIS, PAULO; EGGERS, SABINE. Weaning process and subadult diets in a monumental Brazilian shellmound. JOURNAL OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL SCIENCE-REPORTS, v. 22, p. 452-469, DEC 2018. Web of Science Citations: 1.
PEZO-LANFRANCO, LUIS; PERALTA, ARTURO; GUILLEN, SONIA; EGGERS, SABINE. Oral pathology patterns in late farmers of the Central Andes: A comparative perspective between coastal and highland populations. HOMO-JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE HUMAN BIOLOGY, v. 68, n. 5, p. 343-361, 2017. Web of Science Citations: 2.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.
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