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Violence, health and prevention: criminology contributions to the study of homicides in Brazil and for the design of new investigations in order to identify risk factors for interpersonal violence among children and adolescents

Grant number: 15/16142-4
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research
Effective date (Start): November 21, 2015
Effective date (End): May 20, 2016
Field of knowledge:Interdisciplinary Subjects
Principal Investigator:Maria Fernanda Tourinho Peres
Grantee:Maria Fernanda Tourinho Peres
Host: Manuel Peter Eisner
Home Institution: Faculdade de Medicina (FM). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Local de pesquisa : University of Cambridge, England  
Associated research grant:13/07923-7 - Center of the Study of Violence - NEV/USP, AP.CEPID

Abstract

In the late 1990s the homicide mortality rate (TMH) began to show a downward trend in Sao Paulo but still today we cannot know for sure the determinants of this reduction. Part of the difficulty in understanding this movement lies in the fact that the studies are limited to short time series and do not use comparative approaches. A closer look on the evolution of homicides in Brazil shows that different from what happened in the 80s and 90s, the recent movements are diverse between States and Capitals. It is therefore essential to analyze the reduction in São Paulo with the backdrop of the broader national scene. With this project we intend to move forward in the analysis of trajectories of homicides in Brazil seeking to identify socioeconomic, demographic and security factors associated with different trajectories, having municipalities with over 100 thousand inhabitants unit of analysis. We will develop an ecological time series (1980-2012) study. We will use data on homicide mortality and external causes of undetermined intent, socioeconomic and demographic indicators and public safety indicators. The investigation of trajectories will be made based on the Global Based Trajectory Models. As part of my stay at the Violence Research Center I will participate in the development of a multi-center research protocol on determinants of violent behavior among children and adolescents with a view to seeking funding.

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
TOURINHO PERES, MARIA FERNANDA; AZEREDO, CATARINA MACHADO; MACHADO DE REZENDE, LEANDRO FORNIAS; ZUCCHI, ELIANA MIURA; FRANCA-JUNIOR, IVAN; LUIZ, OLINDA DO CARMO; LEVY, RENATA BERTAZZI. Personal, relational and school factors associated with involvement in fights with weapons among school-age youth in Brazil: a multilevel ecological approach. International Journal of Public Health, v. 63, n. 8, SI, p. 957-965, NOV 2018. Web of Science Citations: 4.
TOURINHO PERES, MARIA FERNANDA; NIVETTE, AMY. Social disorganization and homicide mortality rate trajectories in Brazil between 1991 and 2010. SOCIAL SCIENCE & MEDICINE, v. 190, p. 92-100, OCT 2017. Web of Science Citations: 4.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.