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Unidimensional and multidimensional NMR approaches to covering the plant metabolome

Grant number: 15/21388-2
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Post-doctor
Effective date (Start): February 12, 2016
Effective date (End): February 11, 2017
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Chemistry - Organic Chemistry
Principal researcher:Luiz Alberto Colnago
Grantee:Isabel Duarte Coutinho
Supervisor abroad: Harald Schwalbe
Home Institution: Embrapa Instrumentação Agropecuária. Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária (EMBRAPA). Ministério da Agricultura, Pecuária e Abastecimento (Brasil). São Carlos , SP, Brazil
Research place: Goethe University Frankfurt, Germany  
Associated to the scholarship:14/24006-0 - Metabolomics analysis of drought-tolerant soybean genotypes using Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, BP.PD

Abstract

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy has been used as a high-throughput method for metabolome studies due its inherently quantitative and non-destructive analyses, does not depend on analyte volatility, polarity, molecular weight, size, chemical structure, sample matrix and minimal sample preparations. Plants are the source of an almost uncountable number of metabolites whose structure, function and usability have been explored only partially. NMR-based plant metabolomics has been used to assess the biological variation of plants grown under controlled conditions and to investigated the substantial equivalence or otherwise of traditional and transformed plants. Most of the NMR analyses are based on 1H NMR that produces high-resolution spectra with good sensitivity because of its inherent high sensitivity and its high abundance in biological systems. However, due to proton-proton scalar coupling, signal overlap is present in almost all 1H NMR spectra. Numerous efforts have focused to improve resolution and sensitivity in NMR-based metabolomics, such as, innovations in 1D and 2D NMR pulse sequence without cost at resolution and development superconducting magnets, cryoprobe and microprobe. Thereby, in this proposal we will use standard NMR pulse sequence and investigated the viability of advanced NMR technique such as PSYCHE (Pure Shift Yielded by Chirp Excitation) for homonuclear broadband decoupling, 2D and 3D NMR experiments using ultra-high field NMR spectrometers to study soybean metabolome.

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
COUTINHO, ISABEL DUARTE; MERT HENNING, LILIANE MARCIA; DOEPP, SILAS AURELIAN; NEPOMUCENO, ALEXANDRE; CARDOSO MORAES, LARISSA ALEXANDRA; MARCOLINO-GOMES, JULIANA; RICHTER, CHRISTIAN; SCHWALBE, HARALD; COLNAGO, LUIZ ALBERTO. Identification of primary and secondary metabolites and transcriptome profile of soybean tissues during different stages of hypoxia. DATA IN BRIEF, v. 21, p. 1089-1100, DEC 2018. Web of Science Citations: 0.
COUTINHO, ISABEL DUARTE; MERTZ HENNING, LILIANE MARCIA; DOEPP, SILAS AURELIAN; NEPOMUCENO, ALEXANDRE; CARDOSO MORAES, LARISSA ALEXANDRA; MARCOLINO-GOMES, JULIANA; RICHTER, CHRISTIAN; SCHWALBE, HARALD; COLNAGO, LUIZ ALBERTO. Flooded soybean metabolomic analysis reveals important primary and secondary metabolites involved in the hypoxia stress response and tolerance. ENVIRONMENTAL AND EXPERIMENTAL BOTANY, v. 153, p. 176-187, SEP 2018. Web of Science Citations: 6.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.