The primary intention of this research project is to investigate how Jean Paul's theory of humor and therefore literary prose is based on a particular idea of problematic analogy, physiognomic/pathognomonic conceived between Janus' two faces of man, one that reaches out to his infinite, other to his finite side; and between the earthily and heavenly aspect of creation itself. To understand how this subtle mechanism works an excursion into Herder's ideas concerning language, poesy and natural mythology would be very helpful to locate Jean Paul's discussion on humor. Besides, I intend to show, using Erich Auerbach's categories of modern realism and mixture of genres (Mimesis), how Jean Paul's "realism" fits exactly the description of comedy Auerbach gives of Dante; "comedy is, inter alia, a didactic poem", in which all possible elements of reality (mythology, history, cosmology, legend, sublime, man, landscape etc.) find a voice. Humor permitted Jean Paul's amazing creativity and genius to manifest itself and to create his own way of Polyhistor or Allwissenheit.
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