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Isotopic investigations in groundwater by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry

Grant number: 15/25094-3
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Post-doctor
Effective date (Start): February 01, 2016
Effective date (End): July 31, 2016
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Chemistry
Principal Investigator:Pedro Vitoriano de Oliveira
Grantee:Gabriel Gustinelli Arantes de Carvalho
Supervisor abroad: Lu Yang
Home Institution: Instituto de Química (IQ). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Local de pesquisa : National Research Council Canada (NRC), Canada  
Associated to the scholarship:15/06161-1 - Application of polymeric substrates for the separation and concentration of rare earth elements from waters, BP.PD

Abstract

For many decades, the accurate and precise determination of isotope ratio has remained a very strong interest to many researchers due to its important applications in environmental, geological, biological, archeological, and medical sciences. Isotope analysis of groundwater intended for human consumption can provide valuable information on the processes of transfer of elements within environmental compartments, as well as on the assessment of anthropogenic influences in the environment, which may impair the quality of drinkable water. However, precise and accurate measurements of isotope ratios can be quite challenging and require (i) some practical knowledge regarding, for example, sample preparation and mass bias correction, and (ii) appropriate instrumentation based on multi-collector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (MC-ICP-MS). The aim of the proposed research project is to develop an analytical method for the determination of rare earth elements (REE) isotope ratio in groundwater by MC-ICP-MS. REE constitute useful environmental tracers and have been used as indicators of anthropogenic pollutants in natural waters. Preliminary experiments will be performed with a composite sample in order to define the most appropriate isotope(s) pair(s) and sample preparation strategy. The MC-ICP-MS operational conditions and mass bias correction approaches will be also optimized investigated. Groundwater samples collected alongside Sao Paulo State, Brazil will be then analyzed by the proposed method, and data on REE isotopic variation will be considered for the evaluation of natural and anthropogenic influences within these water reservoirs.

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
ARANTES DE CARVALHO, GABRIEL GUSTINELLI; OLIVEIRA, PEDRO VITORIANO; YANG, LU. Determination of europium isotope ratios in natural waters by MC-ICP-MS. Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, v. 32, n. 5, p. 987-995, MAY 1 2017. Web of Science Citations: 8.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.