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Spatial modeling for the study of environmental impacts caused by the disposal of municipal solid waste on a regional scale

Grant number: 15/24344-6
Support Opportunities:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): February 15, 2016
Effective date (End): December 14, 2016
Field of knowledge:Applied Social Sciences - Architecture and Town Planning - Architecture and Urbanism Project
Principal Investigator:Jean Pierre Henry Balbaud Ometto
Grantee:Victor Fernandez Nascimento
Supervisor: Nazli Yesiller
Host Institution: Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE). Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovações (Brasil). São José dos Campos , SP, Brazil
Research place: California Polytechnic State University (Cal Poly), United States  
Associated to the scholarship:13/09039-7 - Development of spatial model for solid waste management for the State of São Paulo using TerraME, BP.DR

Abstract

The state of São Paulo has an area of 248,196.960 km2 and a population of 41,262,199 with inhabitants distributed over 645 towns IBGE, (2013). Among the Brazilian states, it is the most populous and the largest producer of municipal solid waste (MSW), producing about 39,072 tons each day CETESB, (2015). Many of its municipalities dispose waste inappropriately, causing various environmental and social problems. Two important aspects must be taken into account to assist in the mitigation of impacts caused by the disposal of municipal solid waste, and will be elaborated in this proposed period of exchange in the USA. The first aspect is to measure the vulnerability of places where the MSW is deposited using a spatial environmental impact index in two different areas, one in São Paulo state and other in California state (USA), to compare the results between two countries with different strategies for MSW management. The second part of the study abroad is to develop a model to identify more suitable sites for new landfills in the state of São Paulo, taking into account not only environmental, but also economic and social aspects. With the environmental impact index and the model to identify areas for landfills, it will be possible to help controlling and mitigating the environmental impacts caused by improper disposal of solid waste.

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
NASCIMENTO, VICTOR FERNANDEZ; YESILLER, NAZLI; CLARKE, KEITH C.; HENRY BALBAUD OMETTO, JEAN PIERRE; ANDRADE, PEDRO R.; SOBRAL, ANAHI CHIMINI. Modeling the environmental susceptibility of landfill sites in California. GIScience & Remote Sensing, v. 54, n. 5, p. 657-677, . (13/09039-7, 15/24344-6)

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