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Diet of feral pig Sus scrofa in the region of Rio Claro, São Paulo

Grant number: 15/22844-1
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): February 01, 2016
Effective date (End): May 31, 2018
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Ecology
Principal Investigator:Mauro Galetti Rodrigues
Grantee:William Bercê da Silva
Home Institution: Instituto de Biociências (IB). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Rio Claro. Rio Claro , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:14/01986-0 - Ecological consequences of defaunation in the Atlantic Rainforest, AP.TEM
Associated scholarship(s):17/12925-0 - European wild boar distribution in Nahuel Huapi National Park, BE.EP.IC

Abstract

Feral pigs (Sus scrofa) are large mammals, with an omnivorous diet, highly plastic and adaptable, which explains why is the terrestrial vertebrate with the largest range in the world today. In Brazil, feral forms of S. scrofa are present in four of the five political regions of the country. In general, the effect of an invasive species might be inferred through its trophic position in the community, so, understanding the feeding aspects of these animals, as its diet and seasonal patterns of habitat use, might provide essential information, as target-species and sensible habitats, helping to understand how this alien species is interacting with the community and its ecological role in the ecosystem, all essential information to delineate management and control plans. Our study will quantify the diet of S. scrofa in the region of Rio Claro - SP, through analysis of stomach contents previously collected. With the knowledge of the food itens and their weight, volume and frequency, we might help understand how the factors influencing food selection act over other species and its functionalities, as habitat use, dispersion, reproduction and interaction with other species. (AU)

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
BRADHAM, JENNIFER; JORGE, MARIA LUISA S. P.; PEDROSA, FELIPE; KEUROGHLIAN, ALEXINE; COSTA, VLADIMIR ELIODORO; BERCE, WILLIAM; GALETTI, MAURO. Spatial isotopic dietary plasticity of a Neotropical forest ungulate: the white-lipped peccary (Tayassu pecari). JOURNAL OF MAMMALOGY, v. 100, n. 2, p. 464-474, APR 24 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.

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