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Chemical study and schistossomicidal potential evaluation of the ascidian Phallusia nigra

Grant number: 15/21865-5
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): February 01, 2016
Effective date (End): December 31, 2016
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Chemistry
Principal Investigator:Ana Helena Januário
Grantee:Arthur Alves Ragozoni
Home Institution: Pró-Reitoria Adjunta de Pesquisa e Pós-Graduação. Universidade de Franca (UNIFRAN). Franca , SP, Brazil

Abstract

This project intends to realize the chemistry study of the methanol extract of ascidian Phallusia nigra (Ascidiidae), one species that occurs in the São Sebastião Channel, an area of high biodiversity for marine research. This marine region was selected for study within the Regular research project " Schistosomicidal Potential Investigation of Marine Invertebrates Belonging to Ascidiacea." (FAPESP Process # 2014/19184-7). According to the literature there are several bioremediation studies related to the selected specie but few chemical and biological reports have been described for P. nigra. No information was found about the in vitro schistosomicidal potential of Phallusia nigra. Therefore, the chemistry approach will be bioassay-guided on this activity. The proposed schistosomicidal test will be held evaluating the life cycle of Schistosoma mansoni vector. The analytical methodologies will employ chromatography techniques (CC and HPLC-DAD). The chemical structures of the isolated compounds will the assign on the bases of 1D and 2D NMR experiments. Thus, the main goal of this proposal will be identify the potential schistossomicidal of marine natural compounds, as well as contribute to the human resource formation in the marine natural product area in Brazil.

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