This research project aims to analyze the parties and festivities organized for colored men associations in the State of São Paulo, since the foundation of the first recreational benefit society , in 1897, until the creation of the Frente Negra Brasileira, in 1931. Studies and sources about the Black associations inform that the main parties homage to the Abolition (May 13th), the Law of the Free Womb (September 28th), and important Black intellectuals as José do Patrocínio and Luiz Gama. Generally, the tributes included dances, parades to some graves of abolitionists, masses and picnics. The Black journals published texts about the importance of these dates and persons, some of them reproducting speeches pronounced during the festivities. Through them, one can note that the memories of slavery and Abolition were used to combat the negative images of the Black people and, being associated to the fights for citizenship rights led by the colored men. Thus, to contextualize and to explain how the commemorative practices of colored men were part of disputes over citizenship rights in the early 20th century, this research will articulate three historiographical fields: the studies on the Black movement in Brazil, the studies of mutual associations, and those on the experiences of the post-Abolition.
News published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the scholarship: