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Technology and culture in Latin American collective social housing design: looking over the Padre Manoel da Nóbrega housing

Grant number: 15/22765-4
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): May 01, 2016
Effective date (End): December 31, 2016
Field of knowledge:Applied Social Sciences - Architecture and Town Planning - Fundamentals of Architecture and Urbanism
Principal researcher:Raquel Regina Martini Paula Barros
Grantee:Yasmin Arielly Cavalcante
Home Institution: Faculdade de Engenharia, Arquitetura e Urbanismo. Universidade Metodista de Piracicaba (UNIMEP). Instituto Educacional Piracicabano. Santa Bárbara D'Oeste , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The housing issue in Latin American cities relates to an accelerated process of urbanization with strong rural-to-urban immigration, scarce financial resources and a considerable portion of marginalized population. Latin America was object of interventions of developed countries, which influenced the discussions and proposals for architecture and the city. In specific conjunctures, interpretations of dialectical pose checkmate the idea of hegemony of central countries, European and North American, on peripheral countries, Latin Americans, in the field of culture. The present research integrates a greater project, linked to the group Cultura, Arquitetura e Cidade na América Latina, FAUUSP, which has as one of its goals to understand, in certain historical episodes, a regional processing network of its own, constituted by local networks with different points of contact between central and peripheral countries. The individual research of scientific initiation will verify the existence of transforming modernist precepts in Latin American collective social housing design in the years 1960 and 1970. The object of the study is the Padre Manoel da Nóbrega housing in Campinas, SP. The study's approach relates technology and culture having as an exemplar case the Proyecto Experimental Vivienda-PREVI, in Lima, Peru. Such an approach will allow for a parallel between the different contexts of the historical moment as well as for indications of a trajectory between technology and culture that characterizes an inflection period and the outline of transformations that take place after the Modern Movement in architecture and the Latin American city. (AU)

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