Analysis of economic impacts of the sugarcane industry territorialization and its consequences for social development in the micro-region of São José do Rio Preto (São Paulo, Brazil): the case of the municipalities of Jose Bonifácio, Planalto and Ubarana
Since 2003 the Brazilian government resumed encouraging the sugarcane industry and this triggered an intense process of expansion of sugarcane plantations and industrial plants in the state of São Paulo, mainly in the western portion. The micro-region of São José do Rio Preto, in the northwest of São Paulo, is among those that received more industrial plants and wher sugar cane plantations more expanded. The emergence of large industrial plants caused intense economic and social changes in the cities, which greatly increases the job positions, salaries, gross domestic product (GDP) and tax collection. Faced with this situation, the question which is centered in this project is how these changes in the economy may or may not have contributed to the social development in these municipalities. Thus, with reference to the social development, the objective of this master's research project is to analyze the main economic and social impacts caused by the territorialization of sugarcane industry with the establishment of industrial plants and the strong increase in cultivated area with cane sugar in the micro-region of São José do Rio Preto (São Paulo State, Brazil), specifically in the municipalities of Jose Bonifacio, Planalto and Ubarana; if those changes reflected in some form of social development and then, analyze the characteristics, measures and qualities of this development. We will focus on the theoretical premises in the development of concept and aim to contribute to a critical perspective of the concept.
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