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Magnetostratigraphy of volcanic and sedimentary succession of the Zarqa river, Jordan

Grant number: 16/04809-7
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): May 01, 2016
Effective date (End): April 30, 2017
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Geosciences
Principal Investigator:Giancarlo Scardia
Grantee:Giovana Oliveira Pimentel
Home Institution: Instituto de Geociências e Ciências Exatas (IGCE). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Rio Claro. Rio Claro , SP, Brazil

Abstract

AbstractDue to its location in the Middle East, Jordan lies on a migration route used by hominins in its expansion from Africa to Eurasia since the start of Pleistocene and by the antiqueness of the archaeological evidences found, Zarqa River region recently became the most important place to investigate when and how the first migration of genus Homo to out of their homeland happened and elucidate the stages of lithic artifacts industries evolution associated with the successive migrations that occurred during the Pleistocene. The Zarqa River valley has an infilling composed by fluvial deposits interbedded with Plio-Pleistocene basaltic flows. The volcanic-sedimentary succession is organized into three major river terraces, the highest of them contains traces of ancient hominins and Inferior Pleistocene mammal fossils. The objective of this project is dating the volcanic-sedimentary sequence of Zarqa River Valley using magnetostratigraphy to provide chronological links to archaeological sites found there and are the study focus of the Brazilian mission proceeding in this region.

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