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Controversy and inquisition: heresiology and persecution in Summa adversus Catharos et Vaudois of the dominican Moneta of Cremona

Grant number: 16/08496-3
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): July 01, 2016
Effective date (End): November 27, 2019
Field of knowledge:Humanities - History
Principal Investigator:Ana Paula Tavares Magalhães Tacconi
Grantee:Patrícia Antunes Serieiro Silva
Home Institution: Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas (FFLCH). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated scholarship(s):18/12132-2 - HERESIOLOGY and persecution: the vindicta against heretics and the collaboration of the "two swords" in the anti-heretical writings of the first preaching brothers of Bologna, BE.EP.DR

Abstract

From the late twelve century and the first half of the thirteenth century, there was a period marked by the preparation of legal instruments against the heresies. The decretals Ad abolendam (1184) and Vergentis in senium (1199) provided the basis for an anti-heretical legislation, endorsed by the decrees of the Fourth Lateran Council in 1215. The penal provisions foresaw many punishments ranging from excommunication to penalty death. With the involvement of Friars Preachers in the inquisitorial activities, since 1233, the anti-heretical struggle became regular and institutional. One of the established ways to combat heresies used by the Dominicans was the production of texts seeking the disqualification of heterodox beliefs. This project intends to study the persecution of heretics based on argumentative forms of heresiological systems and rhetorical procedures which are in the thirteenth chapter of the fifth book of the Summa Adversus Catharos et Vaudois, that is an anti-heretical treated, composed between the years 1235-1244, by Moneta of Cremona, friar of the Order of Preachers of Bologna and presumably an inquisitor. Because of its controversial nature, the heresiological treaty, as the title indicates, aims to refute the beliefs and religious practices of the two main heretical groups from the century XIII: the "Cathar" and the Vaudois, but it also intends to show the biblical legitimacy concerning the violence against those ones which corrupt the Christian faith.