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Acute effect of resistance training with elastic tubes in smokers' nasal mucociliary clearance

Grant number: 16/10721-5
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): August 01, 2016
Effective date (End): December 31, 2017
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy
Principal Investigator:Dionei Ramos
Grantee:Alessandra Mayumi Marques Masuda
Home Institution: Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia (FCT). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Presidente Prudente. Presidente Prudente , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Introduction: Mucociliary clearance is the main defense mechanism of upper and lower airways that besides respond to agents, it is influenced by physical exercise. Aim: To evaluate and to compare the acute response behavior of smokers' nasal mucociliary clearance toward resistance training with elastic tubes and verify the influence of the acute smoking and association with training. Methods: Smokers with normal pulmonary function verified by spirometry will be evaluated concerning the mucociliary clearance by Saccharin Transit Time (STT). For comparison of baseline and the effect of resistance exercise with elastic tubes, nonsmoker control group with similar characteristics will be evaluate. This group will not be exposed to smoking. Statistical analysis: The SPSS 22.0 statistical program will be used. The normal distribution of data will be assessed by Shapiro-Wilk Test and description of the results will be held as mean ± standard deviation except for variables with non-normal distribution, with will be described as median (interquartile range 25-75). For intergroup analysis will be used the unpaired t test or Mann-Withney Test depending on the normality of the data. For intragroup analysis, will be used analysis of variance for repeated measures ANOVA followed by Bonferroni test, if the normality of the data is not verified will be applied the Friedman test followed by Dunn's test. Differences were considered significant at P < 0,05.