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Nano-materials as a potential tool to anxiety disorder treatment: A pre-clinical study of carbon-based nano materials modulating neurogenesis and synapses in the hippocampus

Grant number: 16/18218-0
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Post-doctor
Effective date (Start): December 01, 2016
Effective date (End): November 30, 2017
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Pharmacology - Neuropsychopharmacology
Principal researcher:Norberto Cysne Coimbra
Grantee:Audrey Franceschi Biagioni
Supervisor abroad: Laura Ballerini
Home Institution: Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto (FMRP). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Ribeirão Preto , SP, Brazil
Research place: Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA), Italy  
Associated to the scholarship:14/10742-7 - Paresthesia as a new approach of study for panic disorder: basic and clinical research, BP.PD

Abstract

Neuronal apoptosis has been implicated in the pathophysiology of the anxiety disorders such as panic disorder with agoraphobia and post-traumatic stress disorder. In animal models of anxiety disorder, the chronic stress induces suppression of neural cell proliferation in the hippocampus. Otherwise, stress-induced atrophy and loss of hippocampal neurons are overcome by hippocampal neurogenesis. In this sense, increase in the cell proliferation of the hippocampus of the mature brain might target new therapeutic strategies for anxiety disorders. Interfacing neurons with nanomaterial based on carbon was shown to increase neuronal activity and neurite outgrowth in the cultured hippocampal neurons. The objective of the present study is to evaluate the effects in the adult hippocampus neurogenesis induced by the carbon-based device implantation into hippocampus in an animal model of anxiety disorder. To this aim, it will be investigated the impact of the carbon nanotube/graphene-based devices implanted into the hippocampus in the glial and neuronal cells proliferation and in the neural network electrophysiological properties of adult rats. In independently groups on animals, it will be analysed the possible neuro-inflammatory effect caused by stereotaxic administration of carbon nanotubes or graphene into the hippocampus dentate gyrus. In order to test the effect of the carbon nanotube/graphene-based interfaces in the defensive behaviour induced by chronic stress, rats will be submitted to the contextual fear conditioning test. Finally, it will be evaluated the neurogenesis effect induced by the carbon nanotube/graphene-based interfaces in the stress-induced atrophy of hippocampal neurons in the adult rats.

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
BIAGIONI, AUDREY FRANCESCHI; CELLOT, GIADA; PATI, ELISA; LOZANO, NEUS; BALLESTEROS, BELEN; CASANI, RAFFAELE; COIMBRA, NORBERTO CYSNE; KOSTARELOS, KOSTAS; BALLERINI, LAURA. Graphene oxide prevents lateral amygdala dysfunctional synaptic plasticity and reverts long lasting anxiety behavior in rats. Biomaterials, v. 271, APR 2021. Web of Science Citations: 1.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.