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Political context and clarity of accountability of governors

Grant number: 16/19378-1
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): October 01, 2016
Effective date (End): September 30, 2017
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Political Science - State and Government
Principal Investigator:George Avelino Filho
Grantee:Camila Amaral Gonçalves
Home Institution: Escola de Economia de São Paulo (EESP). Fundação Getúlio Vargas (FGV). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:13/15658-1 - Subnational political institutions: a comparative study of Brazilian States, AP.TEM

Abstract

This research assistant project will contribute to the building of a study and data set about "clarity of responsibility" for Brazilian states. Previous studies about the results of fiscal politics on state elections examine competition for the governor's position without understanding whether the incumbent governor's party controls the legislature. Given that studies on economic voting (Anderson 1995; Powell and Whitten 1993) show that the greater "clarity of responsibility" is decisive for determining whether voters reward or punish incumbents for economic performance. These authors show that the vote losses caused by an economic recession are lower for a governing coalition of parties than for a unitary government. They suggest that this result happens due lower "clarity of responsibility"; that is, voters have difficulty in attributing responsibility to each of the government's parties in the case of coalition governments. (AU)