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Evaluation of citology, genetics and reproductive biology of Paspalum species from Plicatula Group basing an wide hybridization program

Grant number: 16/16940-0
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research
Effective date (Start): April 01, 2017
Effective date (End): February 28, 2018
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Animal Husbandry
Principal Investigator:Alessandra Pereira Fávero
Grantee:Alessandra Pereira Fávero
Host: Russell William Jessup
Home Institution: Pecuária Sudeste. Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária (EMBRAPA). Ministério da Agricultura, Pecuária e Abastecimento (Brasil). São Carlos , SP, Brazil
Local de pesquisa : Texas A&M University, United States  

Abstract

Almost 80% of Brazilian pastures are formed with exotic forage species, especially Brachiaria. The use of native species of Paspalum can diversify the supply of forage crops in Brazil and neighboring countries. As lawn, P. notatum is already widely grown. Most species of the informal group Plicatula is tetraploid and apomictic. The identification of diploid and sexual cytotypes and obtaining polyploidy protocols will enable the intra- and interspecific crosses in the Paspalum genus. It is very high the genetic diversity in this genus concerning many biotic and abiotic aspects of interest to the breeding program. It will be possible in this proposal: 1) identify sexual diploid accessions on species of Plicatula group, 2) develop synthetic sexual tetraploid germplasm, 3) cross the tetraploid-induced sexual type with tetraploid apomictic elites, 4) if necessary, use methods of embryo rescue to recover the hybrids and 5) if hybrids will not be recovered, use the fluorescence microscopy to observe the pollen-pistil interactions to understand the fertilization barriers and 6) use of molecular markers is possible. All these activities have fundamental importance for the development of the breeding program of Paspalum in São Paulo, bringing new possibilities for the development of cultivars, increasing the genetic variability available to the farmer, especially in areas that are vulnerable to biotic and abiotic stresses.