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Topology Optimization Method Applied to Ventricular Assist Device Rotor and Volute design

Grant number: 16/19261-7
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): February 01, 2017
Effective date (End): August 31, 2019
Field of knowledge:Engineering - Mechanical Engineering - Mechanical Engineering Design
Principal Investigator:Emílio Carlos Nelli Silva
Grantee:Luís Fernando Nogueira de Sá
Host Institution: Escola Politécnica (EP). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:13/24434-0 - Electromagnetic propeller systems for implantable artificial heart and mechanical circulatory support devices, AP.TEM


This work is part of the thematic project "Sistemas Propulsores Eletromagnéticos para Coração Artificial Implantável e Dispositivos de Suporte Circulatório Mecânico", Fapesp number 2013/24434-0. One of the project topic is ventricular assist devices (VAD), which is interpreted here as a small scale radial flow machine (pump) for non-newtonian fluid. The VAD design has a special requisite of low energy consumption and low shear stress aiming to avoid blood cells damage. This objective depends on the rotor and volute topologies. Thus, the rotor and volute can be designed by using the topology optimization method (TOM), which is capable of working with multi-objective requisites and lowers the development time of VADs. Hence, this work aims to optimize the rotor and volute of a VAD by using the topology optimization method. The constitutive equations are solved by using the finite element method considering blood flows (non-newtonian) in a rotary reference frame for the rotor and in a static frame for the volute. The fluid flow is modeled by using a porous media and the Brinkman equations. The modeling of the optimization problem presents a multi-objective function aiming to minimize the pressure loss caused by viscous dissipation, power consumption, vorticity in order to lower the blood stagnation, and the hemolysis ratio. The material model used is based on the density method. This problem will be implemented using the FEniCS environment and the PyIpopt optimizer. The resulting topologies will be built by using a 3d printer an experimental characterization is performed by measuring fluid flow and pressure head. Hemolysis tests will be performed in a partnership with Instituto Dante Pazzanese, which participates in the thematic project. Design for rotors of bi-dimensional radial flow machines of small scale that work in laminar flow, aiming to use them in ventricular assist pumps, and also the experimental comparison between prototypes will be presented as results.

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Scientific publications (5)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
SA, L. F. N.; ROMERO, J. S.; HORIKAWA, O.; SILVA, E. C. N.. Topology optimization applied to the development of small scale pump. STRUCTURAL AND MULTIDISCIPLINARY OPTIMIZATION, v. 57, n. 5, SI, p. 2045-2059, . (13/24434-0, 16/19261-7, 14/50279-4)
ALONSO, DIEGO HAYASHI; NOGUEIRA DE SA, LUIS FERNANDO; ROMERO SAENZ, JUAN SERGIO; NELLI SILVA, EMILIO CARLOS. Topology optimization applied to the design of 2D swirl flow devices. STRUCTURAL AND MULTIDISCIPLINARY OPTIMIZATION, v. 58, n. 6, p. 2341-2364, . (17/27049-0, 13/24434-0, 16/19261-7, 14/50279-4)
ALONSO, DIEGO HAYASHI; NOGUEIRA DE SA, LUIS FERNANDO; ROMERO SAENZ, JUAN SERGIO; NELLI SILVA, EMILIO CARLOS. Topology optimization based on a two-dimensional swirl flow model of Tesla-type pump devices. COMPUTERS & MATHEMATICS WITH APPLICATIONS, v. 77, n. 9, p. 2499-2533, . (14/50279-4, 17/27049-0, 16/19261-7, 13/24434-0)
SA, L. F. N.; NOVOTNY, A. A.; ROMERO, J. S.; SILVA, E. C. N.. Design optimization of laminar flow machine rotors based on the topological derivative concept. STRUCTURAL AND MULTIDISCIPLINARY OPTIMIZATION, v. 56, n. 5, p. 1013-1026, . (13/24434-0, 16/19261-7, 14/50279-4, 15/15189-7)
SA, LUIS F. N.; YAMABE, PAULO V. M.; SOUZA, BRUNO C.; SILVA, EMILIO C. N.. Topology optimization of turbulent rotating flows using Spalart-Allmaras model. COMPUTER METHODS IN APPLIED MECHANICS AND ENGINEERING, v. 373, . (16/19261-7, 13/24434-0, 14/50279-4)
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
SÁ, Luís Fernando Nogueira de. Topology optimization method applied to ventricular assis device impeller and volute design.. 2019. Doctoral Thesis - Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Escola Politécnica (EP/BC) São Paulo.

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