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Green certification and city building: LEED® and architecture in São Paulo, 2006-2015

Grant number: 16/21407-0
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)
Effective date (Start): March 01, 2017
Effective date (End): April 02, 2019
Field of knowledge:Applied Social Sciences - Architecture and Town Planning - Fundamentals of Architecture and Urbanism
Principal researcher:Luiz Antonio Recaman Barros
Grantee:Raphael Grazziano
Home Institution: Faculdade de Arquitetura e Urbanismo (FAU). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated scholarship(s):17/16322-8 - The production of space by global standards: examining LEED rating systems, BE.EP.DD

Abstract

The increasing evidences of the anthropogenic causes of the environmental problems, as well as the responsibility of the building sector in the space modification and resources consumption, have influenced a new architectural debate. This debate claims for changes in the architectonic practices so that the impacts in the environment would decrease. This debate has also influenced the creation of certifications that assess the care for the environment in the new projects. One of these certifications is the North American Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED®), nowadays the most widespread certification in Brazil. It has initiated its activities here in 2006. An important part of the literature discusses the technical modifications that the certification should undergo to fit the tropical needs. However, the discussion about how these certifications select some buildings characteristics, and consequently a certain urban space, is not properly discussed. Then, this research inquires into the space patterns suggested by LEED®, using case studies situated in the Operação Urbana Consorciada Águas Espraiadas, in São Paulo. The opening or design of these selected projects took place between 2006 and 2015. Due to our research area, the methodology uses architectonical projects, diagrams and maps, all of them interpreted with literature related to the theory and history of architecture and urbanism. (AU)

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