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Effect of oral cancer cell-derived extracellular vesicles in the macrophages differentiation

Grant number: 16/19337-3
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
Effective date (Start): March 01, 2017
Effective date (End): April 30, 2022
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Medicine
Cooperation agreement: Coordination of Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES)
Principal researcher:Adriana Franco Paes Leme
Grantee:Ana Karina de Oliveira
Home Institution: Centro Nacional de Pesquisa em Energia e Materiais (CNPEM). Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia, Inovações e Comunicações (Brasil). Campinas , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:18/18496-6 - The role of alcohol treated-extracellular vesicles in oral cells transformation, AP.TEM
Associated scholarship(s):18/08924-0 - The crosstalk among tumor microenvironment cells through extracellular vesicles favors the establishment of tumor niche, BE.EP.PD

Abstract

In recent years, the tumor microenvironment received significant attention from researchers, since the cells that compose it (neoplastic or not) are in a dynamic state of interaction with cancer cells, creating a favorable environment for tumor development. Tumor-Associated Macrophages (TAM) also residing in this microenvironment and comprise different cell subtypes, being that the M2 subtype is more prevalent. M2 macrophages are associated with increased angiogenesis by stimulating tissue remodeling and degradation of extracellular matrix components, inducing immunological tolerance and thus, support the development of neoplastic cells. Although the mechanisms involved in immune cells modulation during tumor development are still not well known, recently extracellular vesicles (EVs) has taken an important physiological and pathological role in cell-cell communication through interactions mediated by receptors or by transfer of bioactive molecules such as receptors, proteins, lipids, tRNA, mRNA, microRNA, and organelles, by changing the phenotype of the recipient cell. Tumor cells can transfer information to different cell types using EV as a vehicle, changing characteristics of the tumor microenvironment and establishing a metastatic niche. Thus, this study aims to analyze: 1) the role of EVs in differentiation and modulation of monocyte and macrophages activity, using i) EVs from cell lines SCC-9 (oral cancer cells of primary site), HSC-3 (oral cancer cells of metastatic site) and HaCaT (normal keratinocytes); ii) samples of oral cancer-, inflammatory fibrous hyperplasia-, and normal oral mucosa-derived EVs 2) using proteomic approaches to identify proteins in these vesicles in order to understand their possible role in cell phenotype modulation and oral cancer progression. (AU)

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
SA, JAMILE DE OLIVEIRA; TRINO, LUCIANA DANIELE; OLIVEIRA, ANA KARINA; BUSSO LOPES, ARIANE FIDELIS; GRANATO, DANIELA CAMPOS; COSTA NORMANDO, ANA GABRIELA; SANTOS, ERISON SANTANA; NEVES, LEANDRO XAVIER; CARNIELLI, CAROLINA MORETTO; PAES LEME, ADRIANA FRANCO. Proteomic approaches to assist in diagnosis and prognosis of oral cancer. EXPERT REVIEW OF PROTEOMICS, v. 18, n. 4, p. 261-284, APR 3 2021. Web of Science Citations: 0.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.