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The great chain of being: the "animal kingdom" in the eyes of Portuguese and Luso-American naturalists travelers (1772-1818)

Grant number: 16/23264-1
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
Effective date (Start): March 01, 2017
Status:Discontinued
Field of knowledge:Humanities - History
Cooperation agreement: Coordination of Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES)
Principal Investigator:Leila Mezan Algranti
Grantee:Breno Ferraz Leal Ferreira
Home Institution: Instituto de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas (IFCH). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil
Associated scholarship(s):19/10815-8 - The great chain of being: the "Animal Kingdom" in the eyes of Portuguese and Portuguese American traveling naturalists (1772-1818), BE.EP.PD

Abstract

This post-doctoral project offers a research proposal on the memories, speeches and texts related to Animal Kingdom written by Portuguese and Luso-American naturalists of the Royal Academy of Sciences of Lisbon (founded in 1779) who undertook philosophical voyages in the context of the Enlightenment. In the eighteenth century, the conception of existence of a "great chain of being," that is, the belief in the existence of a hierarchy of living beings that had the human being (European) at the top, characterized the thought of naturalists such as Linnaeus and Buffon, despite their differences. It is intended to examine the different interpretations and uses of these authors by naturalist travelers, verifying to what extent these authors were mobilized on the basis of religious and utilitarian perspectives. We intend to seek the specifics of the debate on the Animal Kingdom for the Portuguese Empire, particularly about the Portuguese America. (AU)