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Diet quality, obesity, and cardiometabolic risk factors in adolescents living in São Paulo and in the USA: differences and similarities

Grant number: 17/02480-0
Support Opportunities:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): August 01, 2017
Effective date (End): December 31, 2017
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Nutrition - Nutritional Analysis of Population
Principal Investigator:Regina Mara Fisberg
Grantee:Jaqueline Lopes Pereira França
Supervisor: Josiemer Mattei
Host Institution: Faculdade de Saúde Pública (FSP). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Research place: Harvard University, Cambridge, United States  
Associated to the scholarship:16/07711-8 - Diet and overweight in adolescents from São Paulo - outlook of the last decade and interaction with polymorphisms, BP.DR

Abstract

The prevalence of overweight/obesity in adolescents has rapidly increased worldwide in the last decades and this raise is related to several health problems, including higher cardiovascular disease risk. In Latin America and in the USA, adolescents are disproportionally affected by the obesity epidemic. Differences in culture and food environment may influence food choices and, consequently, affect dietary aspects involved in the etiology of overweight/obesity and cardiometabolic risk factors. The objective of the project is to compare the diet quality and its association with prevalence of overweight/obesity and cardiometabolic risk factors between Brazilian adolescents living São Paulo (Brazil) and Latino adolescents living in the USA. Data come from two population-based studies: The Health Survey of São Paulo (HSP-2015), with 859 adolescents aged 12-19 years, and The Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latino Youth (SOL-Youth Study), with 1600 individuals aged 8-16 years. Socioeconomic, anthropometric, clinic and lifestyle data as well as blood samples were collected personally and by telephone. Food consumption data were obtained by two 24-hour food recalls. Differences in diet quality and in prevalence of overweight/obesity and cardiometabolic risk factors between adolescents will be verified using differences of mean/median tests or Chi-square tests, and the association of the variables with overweight/obesity and cardiometabolic risk factors will be evaluated using multiple regression models. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
PEREIRA, JAQUELINE L.; MATTEI, JOSIEMER; ISASI, CARMEN R.; VAN HORN, LINDA; CARNETHON, MERCEDES R.; DAVIGLUS, MARTHA L.; PERERA, MARISA J.; SOTRES-ALVAREZ, DANIELA; FISBERG, REGINA M.. Diet quality, excess body weight and cardiometabolic risk factors in adolescents living in Sao Paulo, Brazil and in the USA: differences and similarities. PUBLIC HEALTH NUTRITION, v. 24, n. 13, p. 4091-4101, . (17/02480-0, 12/22113-9)
PEREIRA, JAQUELINE L.; DE CASTRO, MICHELLE A.; CRISPIM, SANDRA P.; FISBERG, REGINA M.; ISASI, CARMEN R.; MOSSAVAR-RAHMANI, YASMIN; VAN HORN, LINDA; CARNETHON, MERCEDES R.; DAVIGLUS, MARTHA L.; PERREIRA, KRISTA M.; et al. Comparing Methods from the National Cancer Institute vs Multiple Source Method for Estimating Usual Intake of Nutrients in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latino Youth. JOURNAL OF THE ACADEMY OF NUTRITION AND DIETETICS, v. 121, n. 1, p. 59+, . (17/02480-0)

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