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Collective housing and urban space in São Paulo: Paulicéia and São Carlos do Pinhal buildings

Grant number: 16/23375-8
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): April 01, 2017
Effective date (End): March 31, 2018
Field of knowledge:Applied Social Sciences - Architecture and Town Planning - Fundamentals of Architecture and Urbanism
Principal researcher:Helena Aparecida Ayoub Silva
Grantee:Flávia Cristina de Sales Teles da Fonseca
Home Institution: Faculdade de Arquitetura e Urbanismo (FAU). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The magnitude of the urban problems of the city of São Paulo comes to a stage unprecedented, as both historical economic as urban policies problems seem to have mitigated, revealing the difficulties in the realm of ideas and solutions for the city. In relation to social housing, these stalemates are more evident as the massive public investments have not represented a qualitative change in different scales of the metropolis. Despite some important examples of housing solutions in "paulista" architecture indicating a more comprehensive proposal for urban space, there are no systematic studies that focus on this approach. The objective of this research is to identify the spatial patterns (understood as the relationship between architecture and city) in the projects of buildings Paulicéia and São Carlos do Pinhal, built in São Paulo - Paulista Avenue and São Carlos do Pinhal Street, Bela Vista - during 1950 decade. In this sense, this research proposes: a) spatial analysis of the typologies; b) the relationship of these typologies with the existing city; c) the transformation of these spaces of habitat in the development of the city; d) the reception and incorporation of these alternatives to discipline and e) the consolidation of the documents of these projects for future research. This project is part of a wider research, which has support of FAPESP Regular Aid (no. 2013/14951-7) coordinated by the Profs. Luiz Recamán and Leandro Medrano (FAUUSP). In this phase, the projects includes the participation of Profs. Helena Ayoub Silva, Marta Bogéa and Milton Braga (FAUUSP). (AU)