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Consumption of ultra-processed foods, dietary profile and obesity among U.S. children and adolescents

Grant number: 16/25853-4
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
Effective date (Start): May 01, 2017
Effective date (End): April 30, 2020
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Nutrition - Nutritional Analysis of Population
Cooperation agreement: Coordination of Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES)
Principal researcher:Renata Bertazzi Levy
Grantee:Daniela Neri Gama de Almeida
Home Institution: Faculdade de Saúde Pública (FSP). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:15/14900-9 - Consumption of ultra-processed foods, dietary nutrient profile diet and obesity in seven countries, AP.TEM

Abstract

As the prevalence of childhood Obesity and Obesity-related diseases increase globally, the need to better understand those factors that promote Obesity becomes more critical. The contribution of Ultra-Processed Food (UPF) to daily energy intake, which is increasing worldwide, has been recommended as an indicator of diet quality and Obesity and Obesity-related diseases risk. UPFs are defined as formulations made by the food industry with little if any whole food and high amounts of fats, salt and sugars as well as other sources energy and nutrients of very low cost, and additives. Objectives: to study the UPF consumption patterns of US children and adolescents and to determine their association with dietary profile and Obesity indicators. Design and participants: this study will use the NUPENS's ongoing thematic project infrastructure and high level of support from the team leadership. Cross-sectional analysis of the dietary intake and anthropometric data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) conducted between 2007 and 2012. Children aged 6 months to 18 years with 24 hour dietary recall and anthropometrics data available will be included. Statistical analysis: linear and logistic regression models will be used to examine the association of contribution of UPF with dietary profile and Obesity indicators, controlling for socio-demographic characteristics, and physical activity. (AU)

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Scientific publications (7)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
MARTINES, RENATA MARIANA; MACHADO, PRISCILA PEREIRA; NERI, DANIELA ALMEIDA; LEVY, RENATA BERTAZZI; RAUBER, FERNANDA. Association between watching TV whilst eating and children's consumption of ultraprocessed foods in United Kingdom. MATERNAL AND CHILD NUTRITION, v. 15, n. 4, . (15/14900-9, 16/25853-4, 16/14302-7, 16/13168-5)
CHANG, KIARA; KHANDPUR, NEHA; NERI, DANIELA; TOUVIER, MATHILDE; HUYBRECHTS, INGE; MILLETT, CHRISTOPHER; VAMOS, ESZTER P.. Association Between Childhood Consumption of Ultraprocessed Food and Adiposity Trajectories in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children Birth Cohort. JAMA PEDIATRICS, v. 175, n. 9, . (16/25853-4)
STEELE, EURIDICE MARTINEZ; JUUL, FILIPPA; NERI, DANIELA; RAUBER, FERNANDA; MONTEIRO, CARLOS A.. Dietary share of ultra-processed foods and metabolic syndrome in the US adult population. PREVENTIVE MEDICINE, v. 125, p. 40-48, . (16/14302-7, 18/17972-9, 16/25853-4, 15/14900-9)
TANRIKULU, HACER; NERI, DANIELA; ROBERTSON, AILEEN; MIALON, MELISSA. Corporate political activity of the baby food industry: the example of Nestle in the United States of America. INTERNATIONAL BREASTFEEDING JOURNAL, v. 15, n. 1, . (17/24744-0, 16/25853-4)
NERI, DANIELA; STEELE, EURIDICE MARTINEZ; KHANDPUR, NEHA; CEDIEL, GUSTAVO; ZAPATA, MARIA ELISA; RAUBER, FERNANDA; MARRON-PONCE, JOAQUIN A.; MACHADO, PRISCILA; DA COSTA LOUZADA, MARIA LAURA; ANDRADE, GIOVANNA CALIXTO; et al. ltraprocessed food consumption and dietary nutrient profiles associated with obesity: A multicountry study of children and adolescent. Obesity Reviews, v. 23, n. 1, SI, . (15/14900-9, 18/17972-9, 16/14302-7, 16/25853-4)
NERI, DANIELA; MARTINEZ-STEELE, EURIDICE; MONTEIRO, CARLOS AUGUSTO; LEVY, RENATA BERTAZZI. Consumption of ultra-processed foods and its association with added sugar content in the diets of US children, NHANES 2009-2014. PEDIATRIC OBESITY, v. 14, n. 12, . (18/17972-9, 16/25853-4, 15/14900-9)
CHANG, KIARA; KHANDPUR, NEHA; NERI, DANIELA; TOUVIER, MATHILDE; HUYBRECHTS, INGE; MILLETT, CHRISTOPHER; VAMOS, ESZTER P.. Association Between Childhood Consumption of Ultraprocessed Food and Adiposity Trajectories in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children Birth Cohort. JAMA PEDIATRICS, v. 175, n. 9, . (16/25853-4)

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