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Free Womb Law: the debate in Parliament and in the press

Grant number: 17/03597-9
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): July 01, 2017
Effective date (End): June 30, 2019
Field of knowledge:Humanities - History
Cooperation agreement: Coordination of Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES)
Principal Investigator:Miriam Dolhnikoff
Grantee:Bruna Oliveira da Silva
Home Institution: Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas (FFLCH). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The research proposed in this project aims to analyze the discussion on the emancipation policy, focusing on discussions about the release of the womb developed between 1867 and 1871. The goal is to study the political game, as played by deputies, senators, Ministers, Councilors of State and of the Emperor that due to national and international pressures resumed slavery as one of the Government´s agendas. During the time of the Empire the roles of the abolitionists and the protagonism of slaves are highlighted, especially considering that in the 1860´s, they led an emphatic combat against slavery. Internationally, it is worth emphasizing the series of abolitions and measures towards emancipation adopted by most countries, such as the United States after the Civil War period, in a way that Brazil ends up isolating itself as a slave nation. Considering that, from a political point of view, the discussions that culminated in the law of September 28th has been constituted into a State agenda, the theme will be analyzed from the annals of the Chamber of Deputies and Senate, as well as partisan press of the Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo and Pernambuco states. As a law enacted by Parliament, widely discussed in the spheres of Government and society, the study of its debate is considered as an important point for understanding the party and ministerial dynamics of this period. (AU)