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A mulata velha está toda sacudida: politics and social movements in Bahia (1927-1937)

Grant number: 17/08502-6
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): September 01, 2017
Effective date (End): January 31, 2022
Field of knowledge:Humanities - History - History of Brazil
Principal researcher:Claudio Henrique de Moraes Batalha
Grantee:Jonas Brito dos Santos
Home Institution: Instituto de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas (IFCH). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:13/21979-5 - Between slavery and the burden of freedom: workers and forms of labor exploitation in historical perspective, AP.TEM
Associated scholarship(s):19/21925-9 - Elections and social movements in Bahia (1926-1937), BE.EP.DR

Abstract

The historical studies on Bahia between 1889 and 1937 has been influenced by the thesis that this state, in the colonial and imperial times, had wealthy, cultural and political prominence, but had fell in stagnation and marginality in Republic. In classic and recent studies, this image of decadence, disability and backwardness have hampered the advance of political history. However, Bahia is part of a small group of states whose political importance and internal divisions make them crucial for the renovation of the researches on political competition and popular participation in I Republic and 1930's. Its elites achieved political importance at national level, as shows the examples of the Campanha Civilista of 1910 and of the Reação Republicana in 1922. In Bahia, certain expansion of the press and representative system and the strong political fight among the elites demanded the conquest of political support of electors, urban works, trade unions and popular leaders at the state. Based on investigations alliances and competition stimulated by the elections held in Salvador between 1927 and 1937, my project of research will exam if and how the back and poor population was considered by the plans and action of political leaders, obsessed by the idea of conquest political power to Bahia at the national politics. My historical sources will be private and diplomatic letters and dispatches, newspapers and documents of police. (AU)

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