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The Cultural impact of the Colonial Act of 1930 in the Portuguese Empire: a Goan reading (1930-1945)

Grant number: 17/13966-1
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
Effective date (Start): November 01, 2017
Effective date (End): January 09, 2022
Field of knowledge:Linguistics, Literature and Arts - Literature
Principal researcher:Helder Garmes
Grantee:Adelaide Maria Muralha Vieira Machado
Home Institution: Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas (FFLCH). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:14/15657-8 - Thinking Goa - a singular archive in Portuguese, AP.TEM
Associated scholarship(s):18/05870-7 - Biobibliographic demarcation and cultural framework of the Goan intellectual network of contestation Estado Novo (1930-1945), BE.EP.PD

Abstract

The colonial act, the first constitutional law issued from the military coup of 1926 in Portugal in the beginning of Salazar's dictatorship, aimed to establish two things; the organic connection of submission of the colonies to the metropolis; the stabilization of the difference between first level of citizenship, the metropolitan, and a second level, the colonial one, to the native assimilated, subject to the same duties but without the same rights. Which was the cultural impact of the colonial act of 1930 in the Portuguese Empire, perceived from a Goan reading? It is a study yet to be done, either in the local level, or in the global one of the empire, and that this project proposes to carry out. Our objective is to demonstrate the importance and cultural consequences of this political measure, in the journalistic production of the Goan intellectuality, that is, in the essence of a culture of opposition and resistance that took shape in the clash between the defenders of the new regime and the supporters of free and democratic solutions, in autonomy or independence. We will emphasize in this profile the importance of the literary text, divulged and vulgarized by the periodical press, in the in the construction of identity political speech by the bias of culture. The Goan periodical press as a cultural dissemination vehicle will be assumed as the main source. A relevant set of titles circulating within the Empire was selected to begin with: O Oriente (Mozambique), Pracasha (Goa), O Académico (Goa), Jornal das Colónias (Lisbon), O Boletim do Instituto Vasco da Gama (Goa), Heraldo. Suplemento (Goa); e fora dele: O Anglo-Lusitano (Bombay), O Boletim da Sociedade Luso-Africana do Rio de Janeiro (Brazil). The analytical survey of the theme will function as means to clarify the existence of a crossing of visions of the all imperial, as an intellectual network of opposition and resistance announcing the beginning of the end of this empire.We highlight the importance of this perspective that is contrary to the hierarchy of the various looks and cultures in the midst of the colonizer power (Subrahmanyam, Gruzinski). In this sense, we stress the innovator character of our proposition, to connect and relate histories and cultures (Kocka, Seigel) unraveling mediators (Zimmerman, Werner) as a way of giving a cabal answer to the posed question.