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Accessibility of homeless people for primary health care and its health conditions in the city of Ribeirão Preto

Grant number: 17/00778-2
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): November 01, 2017
Effective date (End): October 31, 2018
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Collective Health
Principal Investigator:Regina Célia Fiorati
Grantee:Lauro José Franco Melo
Home Institution: Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto (FMRP). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Ribeirão Preto , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Population in Street Situation (PSR) is a heterogeneous social group characterized by marginalization and social exclusion, whose health care, under the aegis of Social Determination of Health, represents a challenge for guaranteeing the universal right to health through Unified Health System (SUS) and, especially, Primary Health Care (PHC). Objective: To know how the access to Primary Health Care (PHC) for homeless people is given and to characterize the health conditions of this population. Methods: A cross-sectional, exploratory and descriptive study with a qualitative and quantitative approach, whose data collection techniques will be: documentary analysis, sociodemographic and 'self-perceived' health questionnaires and semi-structured interviews. The research sites will be: squares, public places and other places commonly frequented by homeless people in the central region of Ribeirão Preto, the Primary Health Care services of the central region and the Municipal Health Department of Ribeirão Preto. The participants will be homeless people and professionals of the Primary Health Care Services. The quantitative data will be analyzed through statistical treatment. The data of the qualitative step, from the thematic analysis of Minayo. (AU)