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Formation of party lists and ambition of the candidates in the elections for federal deputy

Grant number: 17/20855-1
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)
Effective date (Start): October 01, 2017
Effective date (End): February 29, 2020
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Political Science - State and Government
Principal Investigator:George Avelino Filho
Grantee:Ivan Osmo Mardegan
Home Institution: Escola de Economia de São Paulo (EESP). Fundação Getúlio Vargas (FGV). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:13/15658-1 - Subnational political institutions: a comparative study of Brazilian States, AP.TEM

Abstract

Contrary to common assumption, the formation of lists of candidates for federal deputy in Brazil does not seem to be done in a random way. There is evidence that political parties behave strategically to ensure that losses generated by intra-party competition are minimized. These strategies tend to take into account the candidate's electoral profiles, ensuring that there is a limit of vacancies for the most competitive candidates, as well as aspects of spatial distribution of votes, working so that the list does not have many candidates contesting votes in the same constituencies. Another way to analyze the formation of these lists is through the differences between the candidates in terms of ambitions about which prizes to get in the dispute. Identifying these diverse ambitions is an important way to understand how a political career is built. The research will work on quantitative and qualitative data to test the hypotheses raised in the literature and contribute to the formation of a more robust theoretical framework in relation to party strategies and political career formation. We will use data available in CEPESPDATA and information collected from interviews with party leaders and candidates for federal deputy. (AU)