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Investigation of dysphagia risk in Multiple Sclerosis

Grant number: 17/19882-4
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): January 01, 2018
Effective date (End): December 31, 2018
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Speech Therapy
Principal researcher:Maria Inês Rebelo Gonçalves
Grantee:Vinícius Golzio Barradas
Home Institution: Escola Paulista de Medicina (EPM). Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP). Campus São Paulo. São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinization disease of the central nervous system. In the literature, dysphagia is present in more than a third part of the patients, mainly the ones who have cerebelar, braistem and cognitive impairment. Swallowing alterations originate from impairment of oral and pharyngeal phases in most cases, and especially during the most advanced phases of the disease; impairment of the superior esophageal sphincter is also related, but is less frequent. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the risk of dysphagia and to characterize swallowing difficulties in patients with MS. METHOD: It will be examined patients diagnosed with MS at the Outpatient Clinic of Neurology - Demyelinizate Diseases of Hospital São Paulo, São Paulo city, Brazil. It will be collected chart data and it will be conducted and speech pathology investigation regarding difficulties of swallowing using two questionnaires: Questionnaire of Dysphagia in Multiple Sclerosis (DYMUS-BR) and Scale of Severity of Fatigue. (AU)

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