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Study of the effects of atmospheric pollution on obesity genesis: the role of HYPOTALAMIC toll like receptor 4 activation

Grant number: 17/11518-1
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): May 01, 2018
Effective date (End): April 30, 2019
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Medicine - Medical Clinics
Principal Investigator:Patrícia de Oliveira Prada
Grantee:Clara Machado Campolim
Home Institution: Faculdade de Ciências Aplicadas (FCA). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Limeira , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Long-term exposure to air pollution may have unfavorable effects on health. Particulate matter (PM) diameter less than or equal to 2.5 µm (PM2.5) is associated with the induction of chronic inflammation. Obesity may be a consequence of the imbalance between food consumption and energy expenditure. JAK2 / STAT3 pathway in hypothalamic nuclei is an important hallmark of leptin signaling and has a role in maintaining energy homeostasis. In obesity state there is resistance to leptin. One of the mechanisms that triggers leptin resistance in obese individuals is the activation of low grade inflammation through innate receptors, such as toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4). Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is a potent TLR4 agonist that triggers a signaling cascade downstream, leading to the activation of the NF-kB (nuclear factor kappa B) pathway, and consequently the transcription of pro-inflammatory genes. Many pro-inflammatory genes may be involved in the leptin signaling impairment, such as SOCS-3 (cytokine signal suppressor 3) and PTP1B (protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B). One of the components of PM2.5 is LPS, in that sense, we conceived the possibility that exposure to chronic pollution (PM2.5) might activate TLR4, inducing hypothalamic low grade inflammation, and leptin resistance. Therefore, the mains of the present study are to investigate: 1) TRL4 gene expression in the hypothalamus of C57BL / 6J mice submitted to MP2.5 compared to C57BL / 6J mice submitted to filtered air; 2) the changes in energy homeostasis (weight gain, changes in energy intake and energy expenditure, UCP-1 gene expression in brown adipose tissue, circulating hormone leptin, insulin, glucose, pro-inflammatory cytokines), glucose and insulin homeostasis in mice knockouts for TRL-4 (TLR4KO) when exposed to PM2.5 or filtered air; 3) the leptin sensitivity and leptin signaling in the hypothalamus of TLR4KO exposed to PM2.5 or filtered air, as well as the gene expression of neuropeptides (NPY, AgRP, POMC, CRH, TRH and orexin) in the hypothalamus of these same animals.

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
CAMPOLIM, CLARA MACHADO; WEISSMANN, LAIS; DE OLIVEIRA FERREIRA, CLILTON KRAUESS; ZORDAO, OLIVIA PIZETTA; SEGANTINE DORNELLAS, ANA PAULA; DE CASTRO, GISELE; ZANOTTO, TAMIRES MARQUES; BOICO, VITOR FERREIRA; FERNANDES QUARESMA, PAULA GABRIELE; ATAIDE LIMA, RAQUEL PATRICIA; DONATO, JOSE; VERAS, MARIANA MATERA; NASCIMENTO SALDIVA, PAULO HILARIO; KIM, YOUNG-BUM; PRADA, PATRICIA OLIVEIRA. Short-term exposure to air pollution (PM2.5) induces hypothalamic inflammation, and long-term leads to leptin resistance and obesity via Tlr4/Ikbke in mice. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, v. 10, n. 1 JUN 23 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.

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