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Liquid-crystalline systems as a potential strategy for vaginal administration of p-coumaric acid in the treatment of vulvovaginal candidiasis

Grant number: 17/22928-6
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): August 01, 2018
Effective date (End): January 28, 2020
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Pharmacy - Pharmaceutical Technology
Cooperation agreement: Coordination of Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES)
Principal Investigator:Marlus Chorilli
Grantee:Paula Scanavez Ferreira
Home Institution: Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas (FCFAR). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Araraquara. Araraquara , SP, Brazil
Associated scholarship(s):18/22658-1 - Liquid-crystalline systems as a potential strategy for vaginal administration of p-coumaric acid on the treatment of vulvovaginal candidiasis: an in vitro and in vivo evaluation, BE.EP.MS

Abstract

Fungal infections have increased considerably in recent years, mainly due to the growing number of immunocompromised patients, extensive development of organ transplants and extensive application of broad-spectrum antibiotics and antifungal agents, thus generating resistant strains. Candida albicans, a species responsible for 80-90% of cases of vulvovaginal candidiasis (CVV), is an example of a microorganism that represents a large challenge to public health, due to high mortality rates and increased health care spending and hospitalization. Existing therapies for VVC present disadvantages due to various side effects and resistance of many species of Candida spp. to antifungals used. As an alternative, compounds with potential antifungal action have been studied, for example, p-coumaric acid. However, its lipophilic character hinders its solubility in water decreasing its bioavailability. Therefore, the vaginal administration of this phenolic compound in liquid-crystalline systems may be interesting, since these systems may increase the solubility, stability and bioavailability of drugs, besides reduce side effects and potentiate their action at a specific site. In addition, the vaginal administration is advantageous, since this system can be applied as liquid, gelling at the site and becoming muco adhesive upon contact with mucusvaginal. Thus, this study aims to evaluate the potential of liquid-crystalline systems for administration of p-coumaric acid in the treatment of vulvovaginal candidiasis. (AU)

Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
FERREIRA, Paula Scanavez. Sistemas líquido-cristalinos como potencial estratégia para administração vaginal de ácido p-cumárico no tratamento de candidíase vulvovaginal. 2020. Master's Dissertation - Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho" Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas..

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