This project aims to investigate the relation between the ethical community and political community in Kant, regarding the broader relation between ethics and politics. Our research is grouped in two moments, firstly we analyze the texts from 1780, to investigate in what proportion Kant would be presenting a conception of political community in the political opuscules and in a first draft of the ethical community concept, from the concept of "kingdom of ends" present in Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals. We aim to defend the hypothesis of being possible to find the genesis of the ethical community in the notion of "kigdom of ends". This hypothesis will lead to the second part, since it's in this argument that will show similarities and distinctions between the two notions (kingdom of ends and ethical community). In the second part of our research, we center our analysis in the text from 1793, Religion within the Bounds of Bare Reason, and from it we aim to show the relation between the concepts of ethical community and political community. For this, our hypothesis is that the understanding of History as a process of Enlightenment (Aufklärung) allow us to articulate them. Picturing the problem in these terms (History as theology), we see that despite transitioning from a natural state to a civil state is made by use of force, there is a lengthy process of enlightenment followed by "change in thought process" that allows the change from an ethical natural state to an ethical community.
News published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the scholarship: