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Comparison between the Christian-Spiritist and the Afro-Brazilian religous: Umbanda in the religous field of transformation

Grant number: 18/11342-3
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): September 01, 2018
Effective date (End): January 12, 2020
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Sociology
Cooperation agreement: Coordination of Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES)
Principal Investigator:Renato José Pinto Ortiz
Grantee:Ana Clara Sapienci de Souza
Home Institution: Instituto de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas (IFCH). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil

Abstract

This study is focused on the analysis of the Umbandist religion development, which consists of two essentials groups: the Christian-Spiritist and the Afro-Brazilian. Both have participants, rituals, practices and speeches that mark their differences or proximities; considering Umbanda religion included in a continous religious transformation context, an open context as symbolic disputes by speeches and adepts. From this point of view, it was developed the hypothesis that these two groups are guided by external influences (other religions) which are not from Umbanda, since they want to reorganize themselves in order to adapt to the current religious transformations. The issue of the work is the understanding about how these groups organize themselves and how they build the legetimacy of their symbols in this context. The research methodology will include fieldwork and interviews with the leaders of terreiros and their members. Its scope of analysis is a selection of four terreiros, two close to the Christian-Spiritist group and other two close to the Afro-Brazilian group.