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Teenagers and young adults HIV infected through vertical transmission: psychological and social aspects

Grant number: 17/25900-5
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): October 01, 2018
Effective date (End): September 30, 2019
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Medicine
Principal researcher:Lenice Do Rosário de Souza
Grantee:Beatriz Gomes Rodrigues
Home Institution: Faculdade de Medicina (FMB). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Botucatu. Botucatu , SP, Brazil


Infection by HIV through vertical transmission is declining since the implementation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) and prophylaxis, besides cares during childbirth. Simultaneously, the possibility of using ART raised life expectancy and reduced opportunistic infections of these younglings. This way, adhering to ART and, therefore the raise of life expectancy, is connected to the difficulties of adhering to the medication, the needs of a caretaker and the influence of family structure on these individuals. Also, must be understood, the psychological influence of the diagnosis, disease stigma, possible cognitive and motors consequences, and the social barriers that may happen, which makes multi-disciplinary interventions needed during the development of this individual. The main goal of the study is to learn the psychological, interpersonal, and relational profile of teenagers and young adults infected with HIV, acquired through vertical transmission. The study will be done with 22 patients who were infected vertically with HIV, which have clinical attention at Serviço de Ambulatórios Especializados de Infectologia "Domingos Alves Meira" (SAEI-DAM) and at Outpatients Pediatrics at Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina de Botucatu. An interview will occur with each participant with questions regarding their general life experience, contemplating the following themes: psychological support, medical treatment, relationship with the parents, education and work. The Beck Scale, with patients who are 13 or older, and the Children's Depression Inventory, with patients younger than 13, will also be used to check depressive signs and symptoms.