Advanced search
Start date
Betweenand

Development of acidity characterization methods for lamellar solids and zeolites in aqueous media

Grant number: 18/18494-3
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
Effective date (Start): December 01, 2018
Effective date (End): November 30, 2020
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Chemistry
Principal Investigator:Heloise de Oliveira Pastore
Grantee:Mariana Veiga Rodrigues
Home Institution: Instituto de Química (IQ). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:14/06942-0 - Nanostructured layered solids as acid, basic and redox catalysts, AP.TEM

Abstract

The growing interest in the biomass valorization increased the demand for heterogeneous catalysts able to convert its derivatives, usually bulky molecules that have high boiling points and the necessity of a solvent in the reaction. Zeolites are already used widely in biomass conversion, advantageous characteristics arise from them as acid catalysts for these processes: as shape selectivity, adjustable porosity (mesoporosity insertion) and tuneable acidity. The Microporous and Mesoporous Molecular Sieves Group has been applying the layered solids in these reactions as acid catalysts, as well, considering the advantages of improved accessibility thanks to the interlamellar space presente in these materials. However, the acidity of these catalysts in aqueous media is still unclear. Thus, the interaction of water molecules and the catalyst must be considered, which does not occur in the traditional acidity characterization methods, since these measurements are made in gas phase. The influence of water in the reaction medium and in the surface of the catalyst is still a challenge to be overcome by the scientific community. This project proposes the development of a method to characterize the acidity of zeolites and layered solids in aqueous media, considering the contribution of water. The study of the solvent interaction with the acid sites of the catalysts will be carried out using in-situ characterization techniques.