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Habitat use, movement patterns and energy expenditure of black lion tamarins (Leontopithecus chrysopygus) in response to landscape fragmentation

Grant number: 17/11962-9
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): March 01, 2019
Effective date (End): July 31, 2022
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Ecology - Applied Ecology
Principal Investigator:Laurence Marianne Vincianne Culot
Grantee:Gabriela Cabral Rezende
Host Institution: Instituto de Biociências (IB). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Rio Claro. Rio Claro , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:14/14739-0 - The effect of fragmentation on primate ecological functions, AP.JP
Associated scholarship(s):20/10617-9 - Movement-related energy expenditure of black lion tamarins (Leontopithecus chrysopygus) in fragmented habitats, BE.EP.DR


Changes in the forest structure due to habitat degradation can shape the connectivity and permeability of arboreal habitat and cause behavioral changes in animals, such as in their movement and activity budget. Ultimately, such behavioral changes can affect their reproduction rate and the survival of individuals. For this reason, understanding the movement patterns and the energy expenditure of species in degraded landscapes will help us develop guidelines for habitat management, in order to increase the population viability in such environments. We chose the Black Lion Tamarin (Leontopithecus chrysopygus), an arboreal primate endemic to the Atlantic Forest and threatened due to the fragmentation of its habitat, as a model for estimating how the forest structure influences its movements and energy expenditure. For this, we will establish energy expenditure parameters for the species through an experiment with captive animals using doubly labeled water (2H218O - DLW) and Daily Diary loggers (DD). This experiment will validate the correlation between the metabolic rate estimated from the DLW method and the DDs, allowing DDs to be used in free-living animals for the same purpose. The DDs record, every 0.25 s, six variables for determination of movement and energetic expenditure of the individual. Such data will allow estimating the three-dimensional movement of the lion tamarins and the energy expenditure related to behavioral activities (e.g., foraging, resting). Using linear models and generalized linear mixed models, we will test the effects of the changes in forest structure on the movement patterns and energy expenditure of the black tamarin. The results will support guidelines for habitat management, in order to favor the movement of black tamarin in fragmented forests. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
GARBINO, GUILHERME S. T.; DA SILVA, LEONARDO HENRIQUE; AMARAL, RODRIGO GONCALVES; REZENDE, GABRIELA CABRAL; PEREIRA, VINICIUS J. A.; CULOT, LAURENCE. Predation of treefrogs (Anura: Hylidae) with toxic skin secretions by the black lion tamarin (Leontopithecus chrysopygus, Callitrichinae). PRIMATES, v. 61, n. 4, . (17/06608-1, 17/11962-9, 14/14739-0, 19/11102-5)
CABRAL REZENDE, GABRIELA; SOBRAL-SOUZA, THADEU; CULOT, LAURENCE. Integrating climate and landscape models to prioritize areas and conservation strategies for an endangered arboreal primate. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PRIMATOLOGY, v. 82, n. 12, . (14/14739-0, 17/11962-9)
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
REZENDE, Gabriela Cabral. Habitat use, movement patterns and energy expenditure of black lion tamarins (Leontopithecus chrysopygus). 2022. Doctoral Thesis - Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp). Instituto de Biociências. Rio Claro Rio Claro.

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