The aim of this research is to reflect on the notion of value among the Kalapalo of the Aiha village in the Upper Xingu region (Southern Amazon, Brazil). I intend to examine the possible correlations between ongoing transformations in the notion of value and the Kalapalo's approximation towards cities and the non-indigenous world. Such shift occurs due to the narrowing of borders, the increased access to money and the opening of roads linking the village to cities. In recent years, the Aiha village has undergone quite rapid and intense transformations related to increased access to financial resources and, in addition, to the recent opening of a road which links the village to a surrounding city, as well as the set-up of an internet access point in the village's school area. Such elements - money, road and internet - establish new space-time connections, bringing together previously disconnected territories and people, and leading to transformations in both the value assigned to objects and actions and the manners in which they are classified and evaluated. My intention is to discuss how such expansion of the perception of territoriality is, at once, the cause and the consequence of a transformation in the Kalapalo's notion of value.
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