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Accuracy of the swallowing complaint of Parkinson's Disease

Grant number: 18/13245-5
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): April 01, 2019
Effective date (End): December 31, 2019
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Speech Therapy
Principal researcher:Roberta Gonçalves da Silva
Grantee:Bruna de Jesus Santos
Home Institution: Faculdade de Filosofia e Ciências (FFC). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Marília. Marília , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Introduction: Deglutition complaint is considered an important factor for the early identification of changes in swallowing phases. However, the individual's perception of swallowing difficulties is not always present, making the diagnosis process difficult. Objective: to verify the accuracy of the swallowing complaint and to relate it to the pharyngeal findings of swallowing in the individual with Parkinson's Disease (PD). Method: Secondary analysis of 40 protocols of individuals with PD who underwent Clinical Speech-Language Pathology Assessment and Nasoendoscopic Deglutition in a Reference Rehabilitation Center will be performed from 2006 to 2018. Clinical information, anamnesis and clinical findings will be taken from the instrument of clinical evaluation referred to the service and the protocol of nasoendoscopic evaluation of swallowing in puree and liquid consistencies in the volume of 5ml, 10ml and free swallowing. The complaint will be compared with the presence of dysphagia and with findings of posterior oral escape, pharyngeal residues and laryngotracheal penetration/aspiration. A sensitivity and specificity test will be performed and a statistical test of the association between the complaint and the findings of swallowing.

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