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Humanitarian intervention norm and foreign policy practices: reputation and moral authority of Brazil and India in international politics

Grant number: 19/08492-6
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Post-doctor
Effective date (Start): May 01, 2019
Effective date (End): April 30, 2020
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Political Science - International Politics
Principal researcher:Rafael Antonio Duarte Villa
Grantee:Sasikumar Shanmuga Sundaram
Supervisor abroad: Patrick Thaddeus Jackson
Home Institution: Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas (FFLCH). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Research place: American University (AU), United States  
Associated to the scholarship:17/10021-6 - Reputation, rising powers, and global governance: a pragmatic analysis of commitments of Brazil and India on humanitarian crises abroad, BP.PD


My Post-Doctoral research (2017/10021-6) investigates the reputational concerns of rising powers such as Brazil and India in the (non) management of practical problems of humanitarian crises abroad and the sort of challenges they pose to the institutions of liberal global governance. Our ongoing study has shown that both Brazil and India aim to exercise a form of moral authority, a reputation for non-expansionism, in the management of humanitarian crises in the post-Cold War period. Since reputation is a relational concept, it is important to understand how other "scorekeepers" such as the Western liberal states evaluate and challenge the moral authority of Brazil and India. It can highlight the gap between reputational entitlements sought and entitlements secured in the specific constellation of liberal humanitarian order. I aim to spend one year at the School of International Service, American University, Washington D.C., to analyse how other scorekeepers such as the U.S. evaluated the moral authority of Brazil and India on a series of humanitarian crises abroad in the Post-Cold War period. Such a study on the accumulation of reputational capital is indispensable for understanding how distinct reputational evaluations functioned in Brazil's and India's (non)management of humanitarian crises in: Kosovo (1999), Libya (2011), and Syria (2013-present). Being at the American University, Washington D.C., will enable me to access primary and secondary documents, analyse materials in archival repositories, trace the identity aspects in reputational commitments, engage with the policy-making community in Washington D.C., and conduct research on the evaluations of Brazil and India on humanitarian crises abroad. The findings of this BEPE research will contribute to our planned article and book publications strategies of the FAPESP project.

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
SUNDARAM, SASIKUMAR S. The Practices of Evaluating Entitlements: Rethinking ``Reputation{''} in International Politics. INTERNATIONAL STUDIES QUARTERLY, v. 64, n. 3, p. 657-668, SEP 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.

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