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Manual of Confesors and Penitents by Martin de Azpilcueta Navarro: love as a legal concept and an empire of conscience during the Iberian early modern

Grant number: 19/05702-0
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): June 01, 2019
Effective date (End): February 14, 2021
Field of knowledge:Humanities - History - History of America
Principal Investigator:Rafael Ruiz Gonzalez
Grantee:Bruno Ribeiro da Silva
Host Institution: Escola de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas (EFLCH). Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP). Campus Guarulhos. Guarulhos , SP, Brazil
Associated scholarship(s):19/22388-7 - Augustinianism in Martin de Azpilcueta Navarro: the volitional element of love in the cases of conscience and the way of convincing the Confession, BE.EP.IC


The following project proposes to investigate the work Manual de confesores y penitentes, written in 1557 by Martín de Azpilcueta Navarro. The objective is to analyze, through this source, what were the main consequences of the Reformation and Counter-Reformation carried out during the sixteenth century. I will examine the influence of confession on the formation of Iberian consciousness in the First Modernity, where the concept of judgment was not separate from moral understanding. For this analysis, I will take the Christian concept of love: the inner force that moves man. With this, I will inquire to what extent the Confessionalization adopted in this period was a process of attempt to control consciences, or an exit to the predominance of laws, whose result would be a moral flexibilization of sin / crime, in view of its cure and not punishment. This research is part of the Núcleo de Estudos Ibéricos of UNIFESP, a group funded by FAPESP since 2007 and guided by Professor Rafael Ruiz.

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