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The literary creation: the relations between poetry and fantasy in Freud

Grant number: 19/08501-5
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Master's degree
Effective date (Start): August 01, 2019
Effective date (End): December 31, 2019
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Philosophy
Principal Investigator:Janaina Namba
Grantee:Pedro Fernandez de Souza
Supervisor abroad: Beatriz Carneiro dos Santos
Home Institution: Centro de Educação e Ciências Humanas (CECH). Universidade Federal de São Carlos (UFSCAR). São Carlos , SP, Brazil
Local de pesquisa : Université Paris Diderot - Paris 7, France  
Associated to the scholarship:18/10320-6 - The status of phantasy in the Freudian theoretical corpus, BP.MS

Abstract

This project finds itself within the context of a Master's research, entitled The status of fantasy in the Freudian theoretical corpus, initiated since March last year. It investigates the epistemological importance of this concept within the Freudian theory, seeking to understand its logical-argumentative relations with other concepts (namely, those of memory, symptom and desire). In the interim of the research, we have been confronted with the problems concerning the relations between the fantasies and the poetic creation, which Freud expounds in several of his texts. As will be seen, for Freud the poetic creation is based on the individual fantasies of the literary writer, that is, the production of a literary work has the set of unconscious fantasies of its creator as a representational underlying material. However, it is from the elaboration of the fantastical substratum in a particular work that the writer manages to reach his audience, and this singular work will be able to touch all his readers or listeners whenever it touches on universal fantasies, present in all human beings. This is evident when it comes, for example, to the Sophocles' play Oedipus Rex, which Freud uses as a prototype to examine the human condition. A similar reasoning is involved in the Freudian analysis of the passage from the primitive horde to the fraternal community, as expounded in Totem and Taboo and in Group psychology and analysis of the ego. In this last work, the myth (narrated in epic poetry) is characterized as the bridge between the individual and the collective. Thus, the poet deals with universal themes in a particular work, and fantasy is the medium that enables him to do so. We intend, therefore, to examine more deeply the way in which the universal and the particular are related and entwined in and through the fantasy, having as guiding element the literary and poetic creation.