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GABAergic modulation of the rostral Zona Incerta in the dorsal periaqueductal gray matter in the innate and contextual fear responses to the predatory threat

Grant number: 19/05265-9
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): July 01, 2019
Effective date (End): August 31, 2020
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Morphology - Anatomy
Principal researcher:Newton Sabino Canteras
Grantee:Renan Adriano Barbosa
Home Institution: Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas (ICB). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The GABAergic neurons of the rostral Zona Incerta (ZIr) directly innervate the excitatory neurons of the dorsal periaqueductal gray matter (dPAG) and modulate the defense behavior. The scope of this work is to determine through optogenetic techniques and using transgenic mice expressing CRE-recombinase in GABAergic neurons, how the GABAergic influences in the dorsal PAG modulates the gain of innate defensive responses and the extinction of contextual defensive responses in a predatory situation. We will first determine all sources of GABAergic projections to dorsal PAG using retrograde adeno-associated virus (AAV) expressing the m-Cherry fluorescent protein. Next, using CRE-dependent retrograde adeno-associated virus (AAV) expressing Channelrhodopsin type 2 (ChR2), we will examine how the optogenetic activation of Zr-GABAergic neurons modulates innate and contextual defensive responses of predator-exposed animals. Finally, injecting the ZIr with CRE-dependent AAV-expressing ChR2, we will examine how the optogenetic activation of the Zr-GABAergic fibers that innervate the dorsal PAG modulate these innate and contextual anti-predatory responses.

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